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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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CORNEA/REFRACTIVE UPDATE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-20

Keratoconus: Overview and update on treatment


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
2 Department of Ophthalmology, North Carolina University, Chapel Hill, NC, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ladan Espandar
1430 Tulane Ave, 5th Floor, Ophthalmology Department, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.61212

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Keratoconus is a non-inflammatory, progressive thinning process of the cornea. It is a relatively common disorder of unknown etiology that can involve each layer of the cornea and often leads to high myopia and astigmatism. Computer-assisted corneal topography devices are valuable diagnostic tools for the diagnosis of subclinical keratoconus and for tracking the progression of the disease. The traditional conservative management of keratoconus begins with spectacle correction and contact lenses. Several newer, more invasive, treatments are currently available, especially for contact lens-intolerant patients. Intrastromal corneal ring segments can be used to reshape the abnormal cornea to improve the topographic abnormalities and visual acuity. Phakic intraocular lenses such as iris-fixated, angle-supported, posterior chamber implantable collamer and toric lenses are additional valuable options for the correction of refractive error. Corneal cross-linking is a relatively new method of stiffening the cornea to halt the progression of the disease. The future management of keratoconus will most likely incorporate multiple treatment modalities, both simultaneous and sequential, for the prevention and treatment of this disease.


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